Category : Grammar Bytes : which / that

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which / that
 Many get confused in the right use of which
and that. We find that changing which to that can totally change the meaning of a sentence.
Consider the following examples.
1.     My car, which is
red, goes very fast.
2.     My car that is red
goes very fast.
The first sentence tells us that I have just
one car, and it is red. The clause which is red provides extra information,
but it doesn’t change the meaning of the sentence.
The second sentence indicates that I have more
than one car, and among my cars the red-coloured car goes very fast.
The phrase that is red is called a Restrictive Clause because another part
of the sentence (My car) depends on it. We cannot remove that clause
without changing the meaning of the sentence.
The first sentence using which just informs that
my car is red.
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