Category : Poetry

Poetry Study Aid: Abou Ben Adhem: Leigh Hunt

The poem ‘Abou Ben Adhem’ by Leigh Hunt – a short, parable-like poem – advocates the idea that the best way to express your love for God is by simply loving your fellow human beings. Abou Ben Adhem is the anglicized name of one of the most prominent early Sufi saints, Ibrahim ibn Adham. He is a legendary figure whose renunciation of his position as a king to become an ascetic to practise a deeply religious life rejecting the pomp and splendour of royal wealth is magnificently celebrated in the Sufi tradition.

The poem Abou Ben Adhem consists of two stanzas; the first with fourteen lines and the second with four. The two parts of the poem represent the two separate visits from the angel to Abou Ben Adhem and the two forms of love that the poem relates-love for God and love for humanity.… Read More “Poetry Study Aid: Abou Ben Adhem: Leigh Hunt”

            <![CDATA[<h1 style="text-align: center;"><strong>Bangle Sellers </strong></h1>

Sarojini Naidu

Stanza 1

Bangle sellers are we who bear

Our shining loads to the temple fair…

Who will buy these delicate, bright

Rainbow-tinted circles of light?

Lustrous tokens of radiant lives,

For happy daughters and happy wives.

The poem is about a bangle-seller talking about the various kinds of bangles he carries with him, and about the women that buy them. The poem describes the everyday life of bangle-sellers as well. The speaker of the poem is one such bangle sellers and in the first two lines he describes what it is like to carry precious, ‘shiny loads’ of bangles to the temples, fairs and other such places where women can buy them. The third line is akin to a bangle seller’s cry for the sale of his bangles. He calls out to women who might buy these bangles. He thinks these bangles are the tokens of happy lives and happy marriages.… Read More “Bangle Sellers Sarojini Naidu”

            <![CDATA[<h2 style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: #195fa6;">The Heart of the Tree </span></h2>

Henry Cuyler Bunner

From time immemorial, there is an all-embracing attachment of man with Nature, particularly, his dependence on trees. Trees are essential for his survival. However, as time progressed man’s attitude to Nature, and to trees, were inimical and disastrous. There has been massive deforestation because of our greed for agricultural land and timber and necessity of cheap fuel. This large-scale deforestation remains, even today, a menace to the biodiversity of our environment.
In our times, it is significant that we comprehend our role in preserving the balance of the environment in Nature for our own benefit and survival. We should review our stance towards Nature where we realise the importance of the trees. Trees are of great importance to man in all spheres of his life. The planting of a tree is not merely a mechanical action but an act of personal, social and global import.… Read More “The Heart of the Tree : Henry Cuyler Bunner”

            <![CDATA[<h2 style="font-weight: 400; text-align: center;"><span style="color: #000080;"><strong>A River  -  A.K. Ramanujan</strong></span></h2>

The poem A River by A.K. Ramanujan is a tour de force of impressive potency and insightful philosophy and yet a poem characterised by its graceful lucidity and finely honed criticism. Through the poem A River, the poet raises the question of an artist’s commitment to the society.

In this poem, the poet has compared and contrasted the mind-set of the old poets and those of the new poets to human misery.Both the poets are apathetic to human sorrow and suffering. Their poetry does not mirror the miseries of the human beings; on the other hand they are concerned with the themes that are far away from the stark reality before them. They write about the beauty of the river in full flood completely ignoring the devastation and human tragedy wreaked by this beastly force.

In this poem, the poet refers to the river Vaikai which flows through the city of Madurai.… Read More “A River – A.K.Ramanujan”

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Laugh and be MerryJohn Masefield
The poem ‘Laugh and be merry’ by John Masefield probes the premise of living life to the full. The poet advises that we should have a constructive outlook in life. Life is brief and it is not to be frittered away in sorrow and despair. He advocates us to get pleasure from our lives in this world, since the universe itself is a manifestation of the joyousness of God. Each instant of our life should be savoured and rejoiced. God created the moon and the stars for the happiness of human being. So we should be enlivened by God’s purposeful creation. The poet compares the world with an inn where all human beings are temporary guests. We should enjoy life till it comes to an end and till the music of life ends. Laugh and be merry for the world is a much better place with a happy song and to live in a world that is ready to blow in the teeth of wrong.
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The Harp of India

Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
The Harp of India by H L V Derozio is a patriotic poem that pays a glorious tribute to the rich tradition of the art of Indian poetry which conveys the poet‘s deep anguish at the decline of the age of old art under the slavish shackles of British supremacy. Henry Louis Vivian Derozio was born in Calcutta [now Kolkata]. His father was Indo-Portuguese and his mother English. Though Derozio had very little of Indian blood in him, his upbringing in India greatly inspired in him Indian themes and sentiments. Derozio is generally regarded as the first Indian to write in English. Derozio’s poetic carrier was very short lasting only for about six years. Derozio, who held great promise as poet, unfortunately had premature death at the age of 23 when he was still at his prime. He is modern India’s first poet to give expression to his patriotism in verse, the first to sing of Freedom, the first to contemplate an intellectual renaissance for an ancient civilization through a new perception.
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Literature in English

(Two hours)

Answer to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers
Attempt one question each from Section A, B and C and any other two questions.
You should answer five questions in all.
All the questions carry equal marks.

girlballSection A
Poetry: The Golden Lyre
Question 1
Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
They clicked their tongues,
With every movement that the scorpion made
his poison moved in mother’s blood, they said.
May he sit still, they said.
May the sins of your previous birth
be burned away tonight, they said.
May your suffering decrease
the misfortunes of your next birth.
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            <![CDATA[<div style="clear: both; font-family: Georgia,&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><a href="" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><img border="0" height="78" src="" width="78" /></a></span></div>
The poem takes an autobiographical tone and Wordsworth becomes confessional. He admits that he was inexperienced and was unaware of the perils of trusting his own impulses blindly. Of course, he was not swept away by the winds of passion, yet he opted out to be his own guide committing his faith blindly on his own natural impulses. He has been leading a life of self-indulgence. He had often heard the call of Duty in his heart but on all those occasions, he deferred the carrying out of her summons. He had to turn his back on his life of self-indulgence to listen to the voice of Duty and he did not like to turn away. However, from now on Wordsworth will be different and he will serve Duty rigorously and subjugate himself to her stringent discipline.
Read More “Poetry Study Aid Ode to Duty Wordsworth Part Two”