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ICSE 2016 Preparatory Test Two
English 1 Grammar and Composition
Time: One hour Maximum Marks: 40
Read the following passage and answer the questions a, b, c and d that follow:
Have you ever wondered why soldiers are always clad in green? This is to enable them to camouflage themselves during wartime. Hiding in the jungles, their green attire blend into the surrounding trees and shrubs, making it difficult for the enemies to spot them.
Long before man make use of camouflaging, insects have already adopted the tactic of disguise to escape from the clutches of their predators. By having body colors close to those of the rocks and dried leaves, they catch less attention from the predators and hence escape from being pursued. However, this kind of disguise works only if the insects remain still in the presence of their predators.
Butterflies and moths have developed a variety of camouflage strategies since they are quite defenceless and their predators – birds are abundant in supply. Many moth caterpillars resemble dead twigs while the young of certain species of butterflies appear like bird droppings. Adult butterflies and moths camouflage themselves too, in attempts to escape from their hunters — birds who are superior gliders. Possessing wings which resemble dried leaves help certain butterflies and moths to hide among heaps of dried leaves when predators are around.
Fortunately, not all insects choose the art of disguise to escape from their predators; otherwise, the world would be so dull and colorless. There are insects which assimilate the bright body colors of bees and wasps to escape from being pursued by their predators. The concept of mimicry was derived, owing to the bees and wasps. Long ago, birds have already learnt to avoid brilliantly colored wasps and bees in fear of their painful stings. Hence, over millions of years, many harmless insects have assimilated the bees and wasps by imitating their bright body colors and shapes. In this way, they appear dangerous to their predators and hence ward them off.
Mimics of the wasps and bees are most commonly found in the gardens. The furry, plump bee-fly not only appears like the bumble bee in terms of body colors, even its hums sound similar too. The only difference is that the bee-fly does not have a sting and is hence harmless. The hoverfly is another insect which imitates the body colors of the wasps. Their bodies are striped yellow and black. The only deviations are that hoverflies do not have stings and they have only one pair of wings each while wasps have two pairs each. These variations are hardly noticed by the predators and hence help them to escape.
a) Three words from the passage are given below. Give the meaning of each word as used in the passage. One word answers or short phrases will be accepted. 
b) Answer the following questions in your own words: 
1. Why are soldiers always dressed in green?
2. Before men, who have adapted the technique of camouflage? Why? How?
3. What type of disguise do the butterflies and moths use?
4. In this way, they appear dangerous to their predators and hence ward them off. Who are referred to they here? How do they escape from the enemies?
5. How do the harmless insects escape from their enemies?
6. Mimics of the wasps and bees are most commonly found in the gardens. Give two examples given in the passage.
c) Summarise in not more than 60 words how different creatures use the technique of mimicry to escape from their predators. 
d) Give an appropriate title to your summary and justify the choice of the title. 
a) Fill in the blanks with appropriate words: 
1. The clown was so amusing that all laughed ……. him.
2. Thoughtlessness may result ……. many deaths.
3. His accomplishment is a result ……. hard work.
4. The meritorious students were exempted ……. paying the fine.
5. The hospital is adjacent ………..my house.
6. The terrorists lay ……..wait for the minister.
7. She chose this saree in preference ……another.
8. He was annoyed ………….her for wasting his time.
9. We are bound ………..the school regulations.
10. We protested ………the unjust treatment.
b) Rewrite the following sentences correctly according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes necessary without changing the meaning of any sentence. 
a) As soon as the teacher went away, the children went way. [Begin: No sooner….]
b) The earthquake damaged the city extensively. [Use: extensive…]
c) Only the best will be rewarded. [Use: None…]
d) He is so honest that he will not cheat me. [Use: too….]
e) Opening a Primary Heath Centre in a village is planned. [Begin: It…]
f) Nothing can be gained without effort. [Begin: Can…]
g) ‘But for your timely help, I would have failed.’ John said to Tom.
[Change into Indirect Speech]
h) What does Francis feel about the game of hide-and-seek? [ Change the voice]
i) I cannot give you her address. I cannot take to her house. [Begin: Neither…]
j) We go to a restaurant every Sunday. This restaurant. [Use: where]
Answers to Grammar questions
a) Fill in the blanks with appropriate words:
1. The clown was so amusing that all laughed at him.
2. Thoughtlessness may result in many deaths.
3. His accomplishment is a result of hard work.
4. The meritorious students were exempted from paying the
5. The hospital is adjacent to my house.
6. The terrorists lay in wait for the minister.
7. She chose this saree in preference to another.
8. He was annoyed at her for wasting his time.
9. We are bound to the school regulations.
10. We protested against the unjust treatment.
b) Rewrite the following sentences.
No sooner did the teacher go away than the
children went away.
The earthquake caused extensive damage to the
city. damaged the city extensively.
None but the best will be rewarded.
He is too honest to cheat me.
It is planned to open a Primary Heath Centre in
Can anything be gained without effort?
John said to Tom that if he had not helped him
in time he would have failed.
What is felt by Francis about the game of
Neither can I give you her address nor take to her house.
This the restaurant where we go every Sunday.